Benzene (Blood)


This blood test is used to monitor exposure to benzene. Benzene is an organic compound that is found in nature and is also manmade. Natural sources of benzene are volcanoes and forest fires. Benzene is also a natural component of crude oil and cigarette smoke and is one of the most basic petrochemicals used in the production of gasoline. Benzene has been described as having a sweet odor. It evaporates very quickly when exposed to air and dissolves quickly in water.

Benzene is widely used in major industries throughout the world, including the United States. It ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production levels. Benzene is used in the production of plastics, resins, nylon, lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents and pesticides. Certain industries use benzene to make other chemicals that are used to produce plastics, resins, and nylon and synthetic fibers. Benzene is also used to make products such as lubricants, rubbers, glues, furniture wax, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. Research has shown that in certain outdoor areas, ambient air may contain measurable levels of benzene from industrial emissions, service stations, exhaust from motorized vehicles and wood smoke. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), a major source of Benzene exposure is from tobacco smoke or tobacco exposure. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has classified benzene as a carcinogen. Benzene targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and has been known to cause anemia, leukemia and other illnesses that cause bone marrow failure. Exposure to benzene can cause fatigue, headaches, dizziness, confusion, seizures and an increased heart rate.

Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

If possible, have lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.